Akbar(1542-1605),the Greatest Mughal Emperor of India,Apostate of Islam and Founder of a New Religion
The Mughal dynasty in India was Muslim and was founded by Babur / Babar (1483-1530), a Turkic conqueror from Central Asia. Babar was a descendant of Tamerlane (1336 -1405), the Turkic conqueror, by his father, and a descendant of Genghis Khan (1162-1227) by his mother.Babar is derived from the Persian word “babr” which means “tiger” .
Who was Akbar (1542-1605)?
He was the emperor of the Mughal Empire from 1556-1605.His name “akbar” means “great” in Arabic and he is regarded as the greatest Mughal emperor of India.
An illiterate emperor
Like some famous persons in history Akbar was illiterate,like:
1.Siddharta Gautama, the “Buddha” (560-480 BCE)
2.Charlemagne (742-814), King of the Franks in 768 and Emperor from 800-814.
3.Francisco Pizarro (1471-1541), Spanish conqueror of the Inca Empire.
As for Akbar, four tutors tried unsuccessfully to teach him to read. One possible reason is that he was dyslexic.
4.Kabir(1440-1518),the founder of Hindi literature,read:
“Kabir (1440–1518),the Father of Hindi Literature in India,an Illiterate Poet,was an Apostate of Islam”
Read these very critical articles on Akbar,about his Barbarities(they have a Bibliography,for those who want to verify):
“The Real Akbar,the (Not) so Great”
“Akbar the Great,a Tyrannical Monarch”
The conquests of Akbar
In 1556, Akbar succeeded his father Humayun as head of a small Muslim kingdom in northern India. He was 14 years old then and his guardian Bairam Khan ruled in his place. Akbar won the battle of Panipat,which assured the Mughal presence in India.
In 1560 he decided to break free from the tutelage of Bairam Khan and end his regency. The latter did not accept it and he was executed.
Akbar expanded his empire by the conquest of Gujarat in 1573, Bengal in 1576, Sind in 1590, Orissa in 1592 and Baluchistan in 1594. At the death of his brother Hakim, King of Kabul, in 1585, he inherited Kashmir. He then began to conquer parts of southern India.
A man who was not a saint: Akbar and Jauhar
What is Jauhar?
The jauhar was a Rajput custom of voluntary death at the stake practiced by the women of the Rajput warriors of Rajasthan on the occasion of the defeat of their cities or strongholds.It was to avoid:
1.Being raped by Muslim soldiers.
2.Being made the slaves of the Muslims.
3.Because slavery meant becoming the sex slave of a Muslim in a harem.
The jauhar was reserved for the warrior/kshatriya caste of the Rajputs of Rajasthan,the ruling caste.The rest of the population, the Brahmins or priests being also part of the upper caste and the lower castes, did not practice this immolation because they generally expected to survive the capture of the city.
The Women of Chittor, a City taken by Akbar, commit Jauhar
It happened in 1568 because the women were convinced that the Muslim soldiers were going to rape them.Also Akbar had a harem of Hindu sex slaves,in fact it was 5,000 women.The Koran even says a Muslim man, even if he is already married, can have sex with a woman who is his slave.
Read more about Jauhar here
“Jauhar,or the Mass Suicide of Hindu Women(1300-1600) to Avoid becoming the Sex-Slaves of Muslims”
“A Short Introduction to Jauhar,Mass Suicide by Hindu Women to Avoid being the Sex-Slaves of Muslims”
The rule of Akbar
Akbar demonstrated a great talent as an administrator and continued the work of reorganization begun by Sher Shah Suri, who had driven his father out of India. He divided the empire into 15 provinces and was tolerant in religious matters.
1.In 1563 he abolished the jizia, the tax imposed on non-Muslims in the Koran.
2.He also included Hindus into his administration and his armies.
An emperor very interested in discussions about religion
He invited representatives of the major religions (Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, etc.) to discuss religious issues before him. The Jesuits of Goa were invited to debate and those religious discussions were frequent, Akbar was fascinated.
Akbar founded a new religion
In 1581 Akbar founded a religion called Din-i-Ilahi (religion of God),a syncretistic religious ideology that borrowed from Islam, Christianity and especially Jainism. He hoped to promote the religion as the new religion of his empire.
The Beliefs of Din-i-Ilahi
1.There is one God
2.It is forbidden to kill animals
3.There are no priests, mullahs, imams
4.There are no holy writings and books.
Nevertheless, the new religion never achieved much popularity, at the death of Akbar there were only 19 members.
About the argument that Akbar was a Muslim because he still continued to regard Muhammad as a prophet of God
This is false because the proclamation of his religion was: “There is one God and the emperor is his representative.”
It is true that his religion said that Muhammad was a prophet but:
The Ahmadis say the same thing
The Ahmadis accept the Koran and Muhammad, the hadith (sayings of Muhammad) and Sharia-Islamic law, but they believe that Jesus was crucified and survived, then went to India and died there. Sunnis and Shias claim that Ahmadiyas are not Muslims.Read:
“The Ahmadis,One of the Two only Truly Peaceful and Progressive Group in the Muslim World,that is Rejected as being Muslim by the Sunnis and Shias”
Bahaism also accepts Muhammad as a prophet of God
But they do not consider themselves to be Muslims.
The Bahai faith was founded by the Iranian Bahaullah, which means “Glory of Allah” which was the title of Mirza Husayn-Ali Nuri (1817-1892). Bahaullah was imprisoned and he had several mystical experiences, and said he received a vision of a young woman sent by God,who said he was the messenger of God.
1.He taught that Jesus, Krishna, Buddha, Abraham, Moses and Muhammad were true prophets of God.
2.He taught that humanity is one single race and that the time has come for its unification into one global society.
3.And because of his ideas he was persecuted and eventually imprisoned for many years in the city of Acre, Palestine (now Israel), where he died.
To learn more about the Bahais
“Mona,the Angel of Shiraz,Famous in all Iran,16-Year-Old Girl killed Only for Being a Bahai”
An imperfect man
Despite having left Islam Akbar continued to have 5,000 Hindu women as sex slaves,he never freed them.A his death they were transferred to his son Jahangir, the new emperor, who has added 1,000 new Hindu women to the collection.
The city of Fatehpur Sikri
Akbar ordered the construction (1569-1576) of a new capital called Fatehpur Sikri, near Agra, where he created a new architectural style blending Muslim and Hindu influences.He made many administrative reforms and Fatehpur Sikri,as the empire’s capital was quickly abandoned because of lack of water (1586).
The last years of Akbar’s reign were marked by frequent rebellions of his son Salim, the future emperor Jahangir.